Everything You Should Know About Sustainable Wood


Once upon a time you simply went out and bought wood, wherever it came from and however it was harvested. These days preserving the planet’s trees, woodlands and forests are an imperative essential for the future survival of the human race and something we absolutely have to get a grip on. As a result, buying wood has become quite a complex matter. While you’re at it, don’t forget about our range of eco-friendly finishes.

Pine trees, an abundance in Canada

All about sustainable wood

If you don’t want to support illegal logging or encourage deforestation, you need to be aware of how to buy sustainable wood. We thought it’d be useful to take a look at the subject to help you avoid buying the ‘wrong’ stuff.

What is sustainable wood?

Sustainable wood comes from sustainably managed forests. It’s renewable because the forest stewards manage the landscape to prevent damage to eco-systems, watersheds, wildlife and the trees themselves, taking a long term rather than short term view of the resource.

Sustainability in this context means the forest should still be there for your grandchildren and great grand-kids, and be able to soak up carbon emissions and keep our air clean for generations to come, as well as a being haven for wildlife.

Wood from unsustainable sources, on the other hand, is chopped down without a second thought leaving bare areas that, unless they’re carefully treated, never really recover to their former glory. The effects are clear – illegal logging leads to wholesale destruction.

Why bother buying sustainable wood?

Brazilian Amazon deforestation might not seem very relevant. It happens thousands of miles from home, exotic and remote. You might not realise the harm that buying new Mahogany flooring or Teak garden furniture does. But buying unsustainable wood has a profound effect on the areas where it’s harvested, including human rights abuses, hunting of endangered species, threatening the lifestyles and even the lives of indigenous tribes, as well as making countless rare and threatened creatures homeless.

Just 8% of the world’s forest is properly protected from destruction. The timber industry is insatiable, as is our demand for wood. And much of the time it’s harvested unsustainably despite the best efforts of conservationists, governments and lawmakers. Sadly, money often speaks louder than common sense and today is often more important than the future. In Malaysia, for example, timber production demands more trees than there are in existence. In some areas there are no trees left and wood is being smuggled in from Indonesia to meet demand.

Which woods are most sustainable?

Timber is usually classified as either hardwood, from broad leafed trees, such as Beech and Oak, or softwood from conifers like Pine and Fir. Simply because they’re replaceable, fast-growing species like Pine trees tend to be more sustainable than slow-growing trees like Oak. Oak forests have to be managed carefully to make them sustainable, grown and harvested in the right way, but it can be done.

The EU has introduced legal measures to protect its woodlands and forests, and these days more trees are planted than felled. It’s great news for the future, with EU forests actually growing instead of diminishing. Because the law places a minimum requirement on replacing harvested trees as well as limiting annual harvests, buying European wood is usually a safe choice.

What about wood from outside the EU?

Wood sourced from Asia, Africa, South America and even the USA and Canada comes with fewer guarantees. These sources can be made sustainable through hard work, determination and dedication to the environmental cause. Several international organisations are involved in assessing forests across these regions. But they have a long way to go.

How to identify sustainable wood – The FSC

Always look for official certification of the wood’s sustainable source, even if it says it’s from the EU. There have been questions about wood from some EU sources, for example illegal logging has long been suspected in Russian and Siberian forests.

The Forest Stewardship Council – FSC is an independent, non-profit organisation promoting responsible management of the world’s forests. Their certification system provides internationally recognised standard-setting and trademark assurance to anyone, business or individual, who is interested in supporting responsible forestry.

The FSC logo is something you can rely on, and there’s also the PEFC logo, a sign that the Programme for the Endorsement of Forestry Certification has been involved.  Together they help guarantee wood comes from sustainable sources, is replaced after harvesting, and is taken without harming the environment and neighbouring ecosystems.

5 sustainable woods… but only when you buy wisely!


While you can’t buy FSC certified Bamboo, the wood can be sustainable. It depends on its origin. Bamboo grows across vast areas of the earth in Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, north Australia and the Americas. It’s amazingly light and strong and grows like mad, so can be naturally sustainable. It’s used for furniture and floors, scaffolding, fences, bridges and even bricks. With about 1500 species it’s very versatile, and can be harvested in 3-5 years compared with 10-20 years for most softwoods.

What about sustainable wooden flooring?

Wood flooring looks fantastic, but it’s always a good idea to make sure the flooring you’re buying comes from sustainable sources. The thing is, there are so many tree species and wood types out there, it’s a minefield.

Your best bet is to buy from a supplier with FSC accreditation, someone like Flooring Supplies, a UK-based firm that has made great efforts to achieve accreditation from the FSC and is proud if its green credentials. You can read more about their sustainability here. As they say:

“In order to achieve FSC accreditation, retailers, suppliers and manufacturers have to meet rigorous standards relating to the management of the forests from which the wood is taken. FSC flooring products are internationally recognised as meeting these exacting standards and treating the environment responsibly. An extensive audit process was undertaken before FlooringSupplies.co.uk was allowed to sell FSC flooring, but now approximately half of our Natura range of engineered wood floors is certified by the FSC, as well as a number of Kahrs engineered products. FSC flooring will feature the organisation’s logo, so you can quickly tell if the product you are considering is environmentally friendly.”

Here’s an interesting little video about British grown sustainable wood…

Need help with your wood project?

For more information about sustainable wood and other wood projects, contact our team of resident experts who are always on hand to help with project advice and product recommendations. Alternatively, see our FAQ page which covers many of our most commonly asked questions.

We love to see before, during and after photos of any wood finishing project. If you would like to share your decking project pictures with us, you can either send us some photos or share on our Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest or Instagram pages.

Other great blogs that discuss sourcing wood

  • Have You Bought Timber Products from Illegal Sources?

    1. Hello, I am trying to buy some wood flooring (ideally engineered) that is made from wood grown in the UK. It seems impossible. Do you supply this or can you advise where I might buy it? I live in Wiltshire. Thanks,

      • Good Afternoon Anna,

        Thank you for getting in touch but unfortunately I can help you on this occasion. We only supply wood finishes and the tools for preparation and application. Perhaps your local DIY store can help or a recommendation on Social Media is a good way to find out.

        Sorry I can not help further.

        Kind Regards Samantha

    2. Hi, I’m doing a GCSE in woodwork and I have to make ‘a creative solution for a greener world’ and I have chosen to make a chopping board. Any suggestions on which wood to use? Any help and/or advice you could offer would be greatly appreciated.

      Many thanks, Danni.

      • Good Afternoon Danni,

        My apologies for the delay in getting back to you. Here at Wood Finishes direct our specialty is finishes for wood and a good choice for a chopping board is Morrells Tung Oil it is a very moisture resistant finish ideal for worktops and food prep areas. I believe a sustainable product however transportation will add to the environmental impact.

        In terms of which wood to use, there are many many suitable option but perhaps one that is popular for it sustainability at the moment is Bamboo. It is a fast growing grass that has the strength and durability of a hardwood, this is perhaps something that you could look in to as an option. It is important that any wood considered is PEFC (Programme for Endorsement of Forest Certification)or FSC ( Forest Stewardship Council)

        I hope that helps some and if you have any further questions please feel free to get in touch via our contact us page.

        Kind regards Samantha.

    3. I have recently been to a reputable hardwood floor dealer in our area. I questioned the salesman about Teak and Tiger wood and he assured me it was certified but when i asked him about sustainability he never actually acknowledged that it came from a sustainable forest. We really like the wood but I don’t want to contribute to the destruction of the rainforest. Is there any way you can tell if the wood came from a sustainable source. Do you have any advise? Thanks, Tom

      • Hello Tom,

        Its great to hear you are looking to be responsible with your chooses in flooring. Teak is a sought after wood and is currently growing in sustainability due to popular demand. To ensure that you are getting wood from a sustainable source the wood should have the FSC 100% or the PCFE logo printed on it, if not on the wood on the paperwork that comes with the wood. There are links in the above blog for both organisations for full details on why and how to get sustainable wood for your projects.

        If you are concerned that a supplier is mis using the logo you are able to check and report on these websites also. It is sometimes the case however that lack of training and knowledge makes it difficult to get the right information.

        I hope that helps and if you have any questions please do not hesitate to get in touch contact us

        Kind regards Samantha.

    4. Dear Sirs,
      We have a small holding on which there are a row of 200year old oak trees adjacent to the public road. Last winter one got badly damaged in a storm and so for the safety of the public we cut down the tree as we could not prune it into a safe condition. It had a lovely straight trunk and now it lies adjacent to the public road.
      This past week I was speaking to a representative of a kitchen fitting company which makes all their own units and he told me that oak wood was very popular and in demand just now so I told him about the oak trunk which we have for sale and which up till now we cannot find anyone interested to buy. He phoned his boss about buying it and his boss replied that the company only uses wood from sustainable forests. Could you please tell us if there is a way of getting this tree into the buyers market Regards Helen Macleod

      • Hello Neil,

        It certainly seems a shame to waste the Oak but this is not something we deal with and so I do not know the answer I am afraid. I would recommend getting in touch with the Forestry Commission as they are the best placed to help you with your dilemma http://www.forestry.gov.uk/

        Kind regards Sam.


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